In the beginning, darkness prevailed throughout the universe. Papatuanuku (Papa), the Earth Mother, and Ranginui (Rangi), the Sky Father, entwined in a passionate, loving embrace, created only male offspring. As one might expect, frustration mounted as seventy gods competed for the power that lay wedged in the dark thin layer. Dissention grew. While some progeny wanted to separate their parents, a few, including Tāwhirimātea, did not. After many unsuccessful attempts to free themselves, Tāne-mahuta (Tane, God of the forest and trees) planted himself firmly against the earth mother Papa, and pushed Rangi the father, into the heavens, bringing light and warmth to our planet.